Table of contents
- 1 General
- 2 The responsible party shall ensure the correctness of the result of individual monitoring
- 3 Information concerning the worker, employer and exposure must be reported to the Dose Register
- 4 The quantities, units and recording levels provided must be used when reporting dose information
- 5 Information from the Dose Register is only released to persons authorized to receive it
- 6 When performing radiation work abroad, the dose data travels both ways
This Guide is valid as of 1 January 2015 until further notice. It replaces Guide ST 7.4, The dose register and data reporting, issued on 9 September 2008.
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The Radiation Act stipulates that the party running a radiation practice is responsible for the safety of the operations. The responsible party is obliged to ensure that the level of safety specified in the ST Guides is attained and maintained.
Under section 70, paragraph 2, of the Radiation Act (592/1991), STUK – Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority (Finland) issues general instructions, known as Radiation Safety Guides ( ST Guides), concerning the use of radiation and operations involving radiation.
Translation. In the event of any differences in interpretation of this guide, the Finnish and Swedish versions shall take precedence over this translation.
This Guide includes the requirements relating to the implementation of Council Directive 96/29/Euratom; OJ No. L 159, 29.6.1996, p. 1 and 90/641/Euratom; OJ No. L 349, 13.12.1990, p. 21.
A party running on radiation practice (hereafter the responsible party) must arrange individual monitoring for workers in radiation work category A and if necessary also for other workers. The Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority (STUK) maintains a record of the radiation exposure of radiation workers. This record is known as the Dose Register. The responsible party is liable for ensuring that the results of individual monitoring are submitted for recording in the Dose Register in the manner prescribed by STUK.
This Guide sets out the duties of a responsible party to report data to the Dose Register and the requirements governing the data to be reported. It also presents the principles governing the release of information from the Dose Register.
In the maintenance of the Dose Register and in the use of the information therein, STUK follows the Personal Data Act.
Chapter 3 of the Radiation Decree (1512/1991) sets forth requirements concerning the responsible party’s duty to arrange radiation exposure monitoring and medical surveillance. Guide ST 7.1 sets the requirements concerning the arranging of the individual monitoring of workers. In addition, Guide YVL C.2 applies to nuclear power plants. Section 34 of the Radiation Act (592/1991) contains provisions concerning the Dose Register. The requirements for reporting information concerning natural radiation exposure into the Dose Register are set out in Guides ST 12.1 and ST 12.4. The Personal Data Act (523/1999) contains provisions for the processing of personal data.
2 The responsible party shall ensure the correctness of the result of individual monitoring
The responsible party must:
- use an approved dosimetry service for individual monitoring of workers
- ensure that STUK is notified of the results of individual monitoring of workers and other data to be recorded in the Dose Register
- ensure that the data submitted is correct; generally, it is expedient to auhorize an approved dosimetry service to submit data to STUK for recording into the Dose Register
- ensure that the results of the individual monitoring are reported to STUK without delay, and no later than within one month of completing the measurement period
- ensure that the worker in question is informed of the results of individual monitoring
- advice the workers that the results of individual monitoring and the identifying details of the workers subject to such monitoring will be reported to STUK for recording in the Dose Register.
STUK will send the responsible party at least once a year a summary of exposure data on workers in the responsible party’s service that have been reported to the Dose Register. The responsible party must check the information in the summary, correct it as necessary, and return it to STUK endorsed with the signature of the responsible party or of the radiation safety officer.
Section 12 of the Radiation Act contains provisions concerning approved dosimetry services.
3 Information concerning the worker, employer and exposure must be reported to the Dose Register
At a minimum, the following data must be reported to STUK for recording in the Dose Register:
- the name, business sector, address and business ID of the employer
- the name of the employer’s contact person
- the personal information of the worker
– the name and personal identity code of a Finnish worker
– the name, date of birth, sex and nationality of a foreign worker
- the duties of the worker
- details, in accordance with the Dose Register classification, of the radiation source causing exposure to radiation
– external radiation: such as X-radiation, radiotherapy appliance, sealed source, unsealed source, nuclear power plant, cosmic radiation
– internal radiation: radioactive substance, its measured activity, date of measurement, and date of intake
- the worker’s radiation work category
- the name of the approved dosimetry service that performed the dose determination
- the dates of beginning and ending the monitoring period
- the radiation dose determination method employed
- the result of the dose determination.
STUK issues detailed instructions on the details to be recorded in the Dose Register and procedures on commencing individual monitoring. Further information and the up-to-date abbreviations for the business sector, radiation sources and duty groups can be found on STUK’s website.
A radiation dose that is caused during an abnormal incident must be reported in the Dose Register separately from doses caused by occupational exposure. If the radiation dose measurement results are not available, the dose must be estimated. An account of the circumstances of the abnormal incident and of how the dose was determined must also be provided. The same approach is used for radiation doses caused by actions done in accidental situation to limit danger of radiation or to gain control of the radiation source.
Section 17 of the Radiation Decree contains provisions for reporting on abnormal incidents, and Section 13 a of the Radiation Decree contains provisions for reporting observations with safety significance. Guide ST 1.6 and the other ST Guides concerning different functions discuss abnormal incidents related to radiation safety. Section 8 of the Radiation Decree contains provisions for immediate action to be taken in case of an accident.
4 The quantities, units and recording levels provided must be used when reporting dose information
Doses due to external radiation must be reported to the Dose Register using the quantities personal dose equivalent H p(10) (deep dose) and personal dose equivalent H p(0.07) (shallow dose).
Deep dose caused by neutron radiation must be reported separately from deep dose caused by photon radiation.
A dose to the fingers and other doses to the hands must be reported as a shallow dose.
A dose to the eye is determined using the quantity H p(3), which may be estimated from the deep dose and shallow dose. In practice, an adequately precise approximation for the eye dose is the measured shallow dose H p(0.07) therefore the eye doses are reported in the Dose Register as shallow doses.
The dose determined by calculation must be reported using the quantity effective dose.
A dose due to internal radiation must be reported using the quantity committed effective dose or equivalent dose to thyroid.
The doses must be reported in millisieverts (mSv) with two decimals. The recording levels applied to measurements of external radiation are presented in Table 1. Doses smaller than the recording levels are registered as 0.00 mSv.
The recording level for an effective dose of external radiation estimated by calculation is 0.10 mSv.
The recording level for a committed effective dose of internal radiation is 0.10 mSv. The recording level for an equivalent dose to the thyroid is 2.00 mSv.
Table 1. Recording levels (external radiation).
|Quantity||Recording level (mSv)|
|Monitoring period 1 months||Monitoring period 3 months|
|Deep dose (photon radiation)||0.10||0.30|
|Deep dose (neutron radiation)||0.20||0.60|
|Dose to the fingers||1.00||3.00|
|Dose to the eye||1.00||3.00|
Guide ST 1.9 sets forth the requirements concerning the precision of the radiation measurements, the approval, calibration and verification of the operability of radiation meters and the requirements for the radiation dose measurement services of workers performing radiation work (approved dosimetry services). Guide ST 1.9 also presents the definitions of the quantities and units used in radiation measurements. The maximum values for radiation exposure are enacted in Chapter 2 of the Radiation Decree. Guide ST 7.2 presents the radiation protection quantities that are used to estimate the detrimental effects of radiation and using which the maximum values of radiation exposure (equivalent dose and effective dose) have been provided.
5 Information from the Dose Register is only released to persons authorized to receive it
A worker whose data are recorded in the Dose Register has a right to check his/her own data. The data in the Dose Register may be released, without the consent of the worker, to the practitioner responsible for medical surveillance appointed by the responsible party and to the responsible party for the practice causing the exposure. The data may also be released to a responsible party in a Member State of the European Union when this is necessary to fulfil the obligations of the employer concerning monitoring of radiation exposure.
The data is released in writing form. The Personal Data Act is followed in all transfer and processing of data.
Data may be released for research purposes, subject to the requirements of the Personal Data Act.
The Personal Data Act (523/1999) contains provisions for the processing of personal data. Section 26 of the Personal Data Act contains provisions concerning the worker’s right to check his/her own data. Section 33 of the Radiation Act contains provisions regarding the appointment of a responsible practitioner for the medical surveillance of workers in radiation work category A. Section 34 of the Radiation Act contains provisions concerning the release of data from the Dose Register. Section 14 of the Personal Data Act contains provisions concerning the release of data from the person register for research purposes.
6 When performing radiation work abroad, the dose data travels both ways
6.1 The employer must ensure that the information is reported to the Dose Register
A Finnish employer must ensure that data concerning the worker’s radiation exposure is reported to STUK’s Dose Register even for radiation work that is performed abroad in the employ of a Finnish employer.
When a Finnish worker returns to Finland after performing radiation work abroad for a foreign employer, before any work begins in Finland the Finnish employer must ensure that data on the worker’s radiation exposure abroad are properly reported to STUK’s Dose Register.
Section 35 of the Radiation Act contains provisions for the employer’s duty to confirm that radiation exposure caused by radiation work performed abroad is reported to the Dose Register.
6.2 A Radiation Passbook is required to monitor the overall exposure
A worker leaving to perform radiation work abroad requires information on his/her radiation exposure for the foreign employer. In the EU countries, the Radiation Passbook is used to report the commonly agreed data. The Finnish Radiation Passbook consists of a radiological monitoring document (see Annex for English template) and a certificate from the practitioner responsible for medical surveillance. The radiological monitoring document is ordered from STUK. The document can be ordered by the responsible party or the worker himself/herself. The prerequisites for the release of information are described in chapter 5.
The Radiation Passbook allows a foreign employer to verify that the worker has been subject to the required medical surveillance and that the doses received by the worker do not exceed the prescribed dose limits. The radiological monitoring document included in the Radiation Passbook is also used to report the radiation doses received by the worker abroad to the Dose Register maintained by STUK.
The foreign employer or approved dosimetry service will record details of the duration of radiation work, exposure during the time at work, and any medical surveillance in the radiological monitoring document. When the work abroad comes to an end, the radiological monitoring document must be returned to STUK in order for its data to be reported the Dose Register. STUK will only issue a new radiological monitoring document to the worker if the previous radiological monitoring document has been returned. The employer must ensure that the radiological monitoring document is returned to STUK. If a Radiation Passbook has been required for work abroad that is not designated by a Finnish employer, the user of the Radiation Passbook is personally responsible for returning the radiological monitoring document.
Appendix C to Guide ST 7.5 contains a template for the doctor’s certificate provided for a medical examination.